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Friday, January 4, 2019

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Pages: 111-117

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3491475


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive decline in kidney function which is usually asymptomatic until the de-velopment of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Haemodialysis is the most common treatment method for ESRD. How-ever, patients on hemodialysis have a variety of psychological disorders due to complications and restrictions of the treatment. Aim: of the present study was to review the literature about epidemiological characteristics and psycho-logical disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease and hemodialysis treatment. Material and Method: Literature review was based on research studies and reviews conducted during the last decade, derived from international (Medline, Pub-Med, Cinahl) databases concerning epidemiological characteristics and psychological disorders in Chronic Kidney Dis-ease and hemodialysis treatment. Results: The global prevalence of CKD ranges from 11 to 13%, due to increase in hypertension and diabetes, as well as the ageing population. It is estimated that more than 75% of patients with ESRD are undergoing haemodialysis. However, patients frequently have sleep disorders, poor appetite, fatigue, infertility, sexual dysfunction, problems with bones, anaemia, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders, anger, discourage-ment, dissatisfaction and disappointment, which lead to difficulties in their compliance with the treatment. Conclu-sion: There is a need for effective management of psychological disturbances in these patients in order to maintain their health status.

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