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Smoking cessation

Eleni Koutinou, Georgia Koutoulaki

Thursday, January 1, 2015

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Pages: 28-37


Nicotine addiction is one of the major social problems, in contemporary times. Addiction to nicotine is the psycho-pharmacological mechanism that maintains or enhances habit of smoking. Tobacco addiction is considered that characterizes two medically defined disorders, nicotine dependence and withdrawal from nikotini. Dependence is that condition in which the body gets used to a substance, and may not function normally if this substance there is not in human blood. Dependence can be physical or psychological. Health professionals evaluate smokers, motivate them to make an effort to quit smoking and support their efforts through counseling intervention, medication and monitoring. The probability of successful smoking cessation depends on many factors, such as motivation of the smoker, the level of nicotine dependence, the extent and quality of provided support and use of pharmaceutical means.

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