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ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS WITH PERMANENT CARDIAC PACEMAKER

Mamoureli Angelliki, Tsempeli Anastasia

Friday, September 1, 2017

Publication Year:

2017

Authors:

Keywords Index:

Pages: 139-147

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1165232

Abstract:

Given the ageing of population and the advances in diagnosis of coronary artery disease,  the number of patients undergoing cardiac pacemaker implantation is constantly increasing. The aim of this study was to review the literature about anxiety and depression that experience patients with permanent cardiac pacemaker. Methodology:The study included exploration of research and review articles published in electronic databases, mainly in pub-med. Results:According to the literature, a high incidence of anxiety and depression occurs mainly in older patients with pacemaker. The predominant factors that contribute to anxiety and depression, are the dependency on the device, heart disorder, change in body image, changes in lifestyle, social isolation, failure of understanding the therapeutic regimen  and finally every individual or environmental interaction that may adversely affect the correct functioning of the device. The review of the literature revealed a failure to systematically assess mental health both in clinical setting and after hospital discharge. Conclusions: Effective management of the new state of life demands reduce of mental problems.

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