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ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS OF ADULT PATIENTS WITH EPILEPSY

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

Publication Year:

2020

Authors:

Keywords Index:

Pages: 43-52

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3766681

Abstract:

Introduction: Epilepsy is a widespread neurological disorder affecting more than 70 million people worldwide. Epilepsy is characterized as a complex of symptoms with multiple risk factors and a strong genetic predisposition.Purpose: To explore attitudes and views of adult patients with epilepsy regarding the disease.Material and Method: A descriptive study of a convenience sample of 100 patients visiting an outpatient clinic of public hospitals for regular follow-up. Data was collected by the completion of a specially designed questionnaire which included patients' attitudes and perceptions.

Results: Of the 100 participants, 56% were women and 37% were 30-40 years of age. Regarding the level of information, 88% and 77% of participants reported that they and their family were aware of the disease, respectively, while 59% had already indicated to their family, which services should alert in emergency. Also, 75% of the sample-studied reported to experience support from family members while 62% wanted to participate in a psychosocial support program. In addition, 65% and 72% reported to experience anxiety about the course of the disease and the likelihood of an upcoming epileptic episode, respectively, while 91% reported dependency on people close to them at the time of the crisis. In terms of social life, 53% concealed the problem from social environment and 74% sometimes avoided social activities. Conclusions: The results of the present study will encourage health professionals to focus on the bio-psychosocial assessment of adult patients with epilepsy as an integral part of treatment..

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