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DEPRESSION AFTER TRAFFIC ACCIDENT

Mangita Ansriana

Thursday, October 1, 2020

Publication Year:

2020

Author:

Keywords Index:

Pages: 246-260

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4501204

Abstract:

Introduction: One of the major causes of loss of life is considered to be road accidents. Nevertheless, attention is given to the comprehension and evaluation of the consequences on the life of the injured people from car accidents, which is determined by the type as well as by the size of injury, leading in many cases to a disability.Aim: Tο explore depression three and six months after the occurrence of a car accident, as well as its' associated factors.Material and Method: 474 individuals participated in the study, who entered the the emergency department of three general hospitals in Attica, after a road accident from November 2016 to March 2018. For the assessment of depression, the Greek version of the scale “Beck Depression Inventory II” (BDI-II) was used. Depressions was estimated right after the accident as well as three and six months after the event. The statistical significance level was set at p<0.05. Results: Most of the participants in the study were women (57.6%) while 30% of them were from 18 to 28 years of age. Immediately after the traffic accident, most patients did not experience depression (67.1%) while depression levels were higher 3 months after the accident (44%) and 6 months (42,6%). The statistical analysis of the results showed that gender (p=0.001), age (p<0.001), family (p<0.001), professional (p<0.001) and financial status of patients (p<0.001) were statistically significantly associated with depression.Conclusions:  The results of the present study underscore the urgent need for long-term research of depression.

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