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Ansriana Mangita, Alexandra Makri

Saturday, January 4, 2020

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Pages: 70-75

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4011188


Introduction: Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases are an important burden for global economies and public health. Their occurrence is believed to be largely driven by socio-economic, environmental and ecological factors. Purpose: To explore evolution of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases infectious diseases, which are still critical for public health.Material and Method: A thorough search of the electronic and printed International and Greek Bibliography. The electronic databases used were PubMed, Scopus and Heal link. There was also a search on the internet through the Google search. Results: Emerging infectious diseases have increased significantly over the years with their greatest impact in the 1980s, at the same time as the HIV pandemic. Globalization, environment, socio-demographic and public health systems are having a dramatic effect on the occurrence of infections, the emergence of new, and the reappearance of old. In Europe, it is estimated that infectious diseases account for about 10%. In addition, according to official World Health Organization data, the incidences of communicable diseases in our country is declining, while those in need of hospital care are increasing. Conclusions: Despite significant progress in the health care system, the sudden and unpredictable nature of events leaves limited scope for a directly effective strategy that could be beneficial in eliminating an impending attack.

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