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Stamatina Douki, John Koutelekos

Friday, January 1, 2021

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Pages: 13-22

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7027380


Introduction: Epidemics are spreading rapidly worldwide, causing a general upheaval internationally. The occurrence of infectious diseases, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, often affects the mental health of population groups. The aim of this study was to review literature regarding the psychological reactions of population groups, during pandemics. Methodology: The methodology followed included searching for research data, which was collected through electronic databases Pub-Med, Google Scholar, Medline, Research-Gate. Results: The psychological effects of Sars, Embola and Covid-19 epidemics, on the various groups of the general population from the review of studies are: Anxiety, fear, psychosomatic symptoms, mainly sleep disorders, depressive symptoms, suicidal tendencies, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, post-traumatic stress, stigma, abandonment, isolation, anxiety and recurrence of mental illness. Conclusions: Pandemic assessments must focus on the individual and his or her particularities, as well as on his or her interaction with the wider social context in which he or she belongs, which will help to deal with them more effectively.

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