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Myocardial infarction and risk factors

Panagiotis Ischakis

Thursday, January 9, 2014

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Pages: 157-166


Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of disability and morbidity in both developed and developing countries, globally.

The purpose of the present study was to review the literature about the risk factors for the onset of myocardial infarction.

Material and Methods: The methodology οf the present study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, mainly

in the electronic database «pubmed» referred to the risk factors for the onset of myocardial infarction.

Results: The literature review showed that the risk factors are classified according to the possibility of prevention into modifiable and non-modifiable. The main non-modifiable factors are gender, age and family history of premature coronary heart disease. In modifiable risk factors are included hypertension, increased cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, obesity, increased alcohol consumption, anxiety and depression as well as decreased physical activity.

Conclusions: Awareness of the general population regarding the risk factors as well as implementation of prevention strategies contribute significantly to reducing the incidence of coronary heart disease.

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