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Marina Mpaki, Urania Govina, Martha Kelesi, Fani Veini, Angeliki Mpoutsi, Evangelos Dousis

Saturday, January 1, 2022

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Pages: 76-86

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7027423


The nursing profession is physically and emotionally demanding and can often lead oncology nurses to burnout affecting the quality of provided care. Purpose: To investigate the burnout and caring behaviours of oncology nurses. Material - Method: This is a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 99 nurses and nurse assistants carried out from February to March 2020 at a Cancer Hospital of the Attica Region. A demographic questionnaire, a 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and a 24-item Caring Behaviour Inventory (CBI) were used for data collection. The CBI rating range was 24-144. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), t-test and non-parametric Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. IBM SPSS v.25 was used for statistical analysis. The significance level was set at p <0.05. Results: The majority of participants were women (86%), of mean age of 51 years. The mean values of MBI subscales were 29.83±7.74 (high) for emotional exhaustion, 30.76±6.47 (high) for the sense of limited personal achievement and 18.3±4.01 (high) for depersonalization. The mean value of the total CBI scale was 5.10±0.69. Comparisons between variables indicated that men experience greater depersonalization than women (p=0.053). Regarding the CBI scale, there was a statistically significant difference between the age groups for the subscales of knowledge/skills (p=0.03), respect for diversity (p=0.04), and the creation of a positive relationship (p=0.021), while the participants above of 51 years shοwed the highest average value. From the correlations with the Pearson coefficient r between the subscales of the two scales, a statistically significant positive correlation was found between depersonalization, respect for diversity and the creation of a positive relationship (r=0.218, p=0.03 and r=0.256, p<0.010 respectively). Conclusions: Exhaustion affects the caring behaviours of oncology nurses and further investigation of their relationship will improve the provided nursing care.

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