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Konstantina Tsalamata, Antonia Kalogianni, GeorgiosI. Panoutsopoulos4, Petros Kolovos, Sofia Zyga, Niki Pavlatou, Maria Polikandrioti

Saturday, January 1, 2022

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Pages: 102-115

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7027466


Introduction: End-stage kidney disease is a rapidly growing health problem worldwide. Kidney transplantation is the optimal modality, which entails many benefits in patients’ lives. Anxiety and depression minimize the beneficial effects of transplantation and adversely affect the clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to explore anxiety and depression in renal transplant recipients. Material and method: In the present study were enrolled 150 renal transplant recipients. Data were collected by the completion ofThe Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale which included patients’ characteristics. Results: Of the 150 participants, 56.7% were men and 53% were over 50 years old. The majority of the sample was retired (46%), married (65.3%) and of high school education (50.7%). In terms of clinical characteristics, 40.7% were recipients of deceased donors while 24.7% had some other disease. The results of the present study revealed that 12.7% and 3.3% of participants had anxiety and depression, respectively. Anxiety was experienced by women, those with comorbidity, those who were moderately informed about their state of health, who described themselves as anxious and who reported anxiety about graft rejection, p=0.007, p=0.049, p=0.045, p=0.001, p=0.052, respectively. Depression was experienced by women and those of primary education, p=0.052 and p=0.055, respectively. Conclusions:Demographic, clinical and other self reported characteristics were associated with anxiety and depression. Early diagnosis of this comorbidity may contribute to provision of individualized care by health professionals.

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