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Sevasti Karolemea, Martha Kelesi, Georgios Vasilopoulos

Tuesday, January 9, 2018

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Pages: 178-188

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2552085


Introduction: Burns are one of the most common and at the same time the most devastating types of trauma related with mortality which is associated, in most cases, with infections that they develop in them. According to estimates, more than 300,000 individuals die each year due to burn-related burns while 6 million people are looking for medical assistance due to burns the world, the majority of which is being treated in the Emergency Department of hospitals. Thepurpose of this study was to explore current developments in the prevention and treatment of burn infections. Methodology: This bibliographic review used keywords to find articles related to the subject from electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Iatrotek). The search focused to bibliographic reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analysis mainly of the last five years, published in English language. Results: Treatment of burn injuries involves a series of methods. The development of innovative methods such as the use of antimicrobial peptides, antibodies, therapeutic micro-organisms and phototherapy, as well as nanotechnology products, has encouraging effects in combating with burn injuries. In addition, the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria demands the use of new therapeutic approaches. During recent years research into nanotechnology products that treat burn injuries has been held with impressive results while nanoparticles embedded in patches or hydrogels applied to burns accelerate and improve healing of burn wounds. Conclusions:Innovative approaches to the treatment of burns infections are up to some extent applied in clinical practice, especially given the increasing resistance to antibiotics. Effective treatment of burns infections will significantly facilitate treatment and rehabilitation.

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